Building LCA analysis
We develop LCA (Life Cycle Assessment) analyses for new buildings with specially designed software. The basis of the analysis is the “Life Cycle” approach, which hinges on an awareness of the environmental damage or potential for each of the phases that make up the life cycle of a building and the materials used to construct it: production, transport, use, recycling, reuse or decommissioning. It is a scientifically recognised method of quantitatively assessing the environmental damage caused by a building.
This approach makes it possible to understand how every choice made in the design and production phases has repercussions in the construction and operation phases. We support designers who gain an in-depth knowledge of the materials and the project, thus becoming more aware of how raw materials are acquired, and the impacts of production processes, maintenance and decommissioning. LCA is the scientifically recognised method of quantitatively assessing the environmental damage caused by a building.
The processed data is collected in an inventory for all building materials used according to the method indicated by ISO 14040 and ISO 14044 standards.
The results categorise the overall impact of the building in the following categories:
- Global warming potential (in kg of CO2 equivalents);
- Eutrophication (in kg of PO4 equivalents);
- Reduction of the stratospheric ozone layer (in kg of CFC11 equivalents);
- Acidification of soil and water sources (in kg of SO2 equivalents);
- Formation of tropospheric ozone (in kg of ethylene equivalents);
- Depletion of non-renewable energy sources (in MJ equivalents).
Life cycle analysis also plays an essential role in the protocols of the most important building sustainability certifications; the environmental impact assessment of a building directly contributes to the growth of the building’s value as it can testify to the sustainability of the entire process.
From a technical point of view, an Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) represents a tool for communicating, assessing and comparing the environmental performance of similar products using the LCA methodology.