The Carbon Footprint measures how much CO2-equivalent a particular production and consumption system can “metabolise”.
We perform carbon footprint analyses for our clients: an environmental indicator expressed in terms of CO2 equivalent that measures the total greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) directly or indirectly associated with a product, organisation or service.
In particular, a carbon footprint measures how much CO2 a particular production and consumption system can “metabolise”. Therefore, this indicator makes it possible to calculate the overall sum of climate-altering gas emissions directly or indirectly produced.
Carbon footprint is also a parameter of great value and utility for public administrations and international bodies, but also for business strategies; in a context where low-emission buildings, products or services are rewarded, this indicator represents a tool to enhance success and promote policies that are socially and environmentally responsible.
There are two indicator types, namely:
– Product Carbon Footprint (PCF), which quantifies the CO2 emissions associated with a good or service by summing up the emissions, as well as any total offsets, involved in the production process throughout its life cycle.
PCF represents a valid and voluntarily requested market tool whose normative reference (UNI EN ISO 14067:2018) sets out the requirements and guidelines starting from the international standards referring to LCA analysis.
– Organisational Carbon Footprint (OCF), which consists of quantifying and reporting direct or indirect greenhouse gas emissions related to an organisation’s activities (understood as a company or an autonomous branch of a company or a group of companies).
In this case, the standard to be applied is UNI EN ISO 14064-1, the first of the three standards in the ISO 14064 series aimed at the quantification, reporting, reduction, absorption, validation and verification of claims related to GHG emissions. OCF is a powerful management tool to communicate the amount of GHG emitted; it enables everyone in the organisation to achieve objective and quantifiable activity-related CO2eq reduction targets at every level.
Both indicators, PCF and OCF, involve a final validation of the declared values by a third party; this ensures independently verified and, therefore, reliable data reaches the market.